Smart Cities and Integrated Mobility Whitepaper

In the last 15 years, the concept of a Smart City has become a focus of public attention as an answer to emerging needs and challenges of urban areas. Fueled
by the potential of ICT (information and communication technologies), cities around the world are adopting a variety of strategies to improve economic
competitiveness, sustainability, social and capital attractiveness and most importantly quality of life for everyone. There is a wide spectrum of strategies that
cities can put forward to become smarter but it is not always that obvious to select those that fit their specific needs and ambitions. Decisions are often the results of
important trade-offs and identifying the right balance requires cities to be fully aware of their forces and weaknesses.

There seems to be an agreement that additional literature is still welcome with respect to Smart City processes and strategies, namely to provide more guidance
to cities in-search for answers in their complex task of developing their smart mobility strategy. This White Paper builds on existing literature by providing
insights on the development of smart cities collected through in-depth interviews with 5 key smart cities highlighted at the Montreal ITS World Congress 2017:
Columbus (USA), Singapore, Copenhagen (Denmark), Christchurch (New Zealand) and Montreal (Canada).